Winter 1999

PHL112: Survey of Western Philosophy II

MODERN PHILOSOPHY

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INSTRUCTOR: Larry Hauser

E-mail: lshauser@aol.com
HomePage: http://members.aol.com/lshauser
Office: SAC 246 Phone: 7015
Hours: TuTh 4:00-5:00
My Virtual Office: http://members.aol.com/lshauser/virtoff.html

REQUIRED TEXT: Cummins and Owens (eds.), Central Readings in the History of Modern Philosophy
RECOMMENDED: Secondary Sources on Reserve at Library, LH's Online Philosophy Bookshelf: http://members.aol.com/lshauser/bookshlf.html

COURSE DESCRIPTION: Modern philosophy grapples with issues raised by our attempts to understand reality scientifically and by our need to reconcile such attempts with traditional moral and religious conceptions and practices and our commonsense understanding of our world and ourselves. Issues and problems that arise in these connections -- and this course -- include the following. Mental representation: How does the mind reflect -- if it does reflect -- reality? Do all our concepts arise from sense experience or does the mind contain innate ideas which inform our understanding prior to all experience, informing, perhaps, experience itself? Does all knowledge derive from sensory experience or are some things known a priori (independently of experience)? The existence of external reality: Are some realities mind-independent (as realists maintain), or are things-themselves thought-dependent (as idealists say)? Concering substance: Are there two fundamentally different sorts of realities, mental and material (as dualists hold), or just one; and if one sort, is that one mental (idealism), or physical (materialism), or what (Spinoza)? Other topics include free will and causation; God; and the mind-body problem.

GRADES, ETC.: Classes will mix lecture with discussion. Primary source (assigned) readings will average only about 20pp./wk.; but the readings are difficult. Students are encouraged to consult recommended secondary sources in addition. Grades will be based on a midterm test; a final examination; a term paper; short written assignments (mainly written commentaries on the readings); and contribution to class discussion. See details below.

COURSE OUTLINE

week 1 (1/11-1/15): Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (Meditation 1-3: pp.3-19)

week 2 (1/18-1/22): Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (Meditation 4-6: pp.19-35)

week 3 (1/25-1/29): Spinoza, Ethics (Pt. I...II: pp.39...80)

week 4 (2/1-2/5): Leibniz, The Monadology (pp.83-90)

week 5 (2/8-2/12): Tuesday: Review. Thursday: Midterm Test.

week 6 (2/15-2/19): Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Bk.I...II: pp.91...178)

week 7 (2/22-2/26): Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Bk.III...IV: pp.178...271)

SPRING BREAK (2/27-3/8)

week 8 (3/8-3/12): Berkeley, A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (Introduction & Treatise [Sect.1-53]: pp.275-296).

week 9 (3/15-3/19*): Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Sect.I...VII: pp.345...376)

week 10 (3/22-3/26): Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Sect.VIII...XII: pp. 376...411)

week 11 (3/29-4/2): Kant, Critique of Pure Reason Preface to the 2nd Ed. & Introduction {Bix-30}: pp. 417-435)

week 12 (4/5-4/9**): Kant, Critique of Pure Reason (Transcendental Aesthetic & Logic {B33...169}: pp. 435...473)

week 13 (4/12-4/16): Kant, Critique of Pure Reason (Refutation of Idealism {B274-9} & Second Analogy {B232-56}: pp.473-83). Thursday: Review.

week 14 (4/19-4/23): Final Examination (scheduled time)

*Last day to drop.
**Honors Day: Thursday 4/8: No class.

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GRADING AND ASSIGNMENTS

ASSIGNMENT DUE DATE VALUE
Midterm Exam Thursday, Feb. 6 1/6 of course 
Term Paper Last regular class day: Th. 4/15  1/4 of course 
Commentaries on Readings weekly (sort of)  1/4 of course 
Final Exam as scheduled  1/3 of course


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