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Alma College
 PHL103: Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking

INSTRUCTOR: Larry Hauser

email:  hauser@alma.edu
Office:  SAC 347 Phone: 7219

Office Hours:
MWF: 11:00-12:20 or by appointment

Virtual Office:
http://www.wutsamada.com/aol/lshauser/virtoff.html

Leroy ponders induction in the morning.
THE LOCKHORNS by Hoest & Reiner ©1999 Bunny Hoest Enterprises Inc. ©?

TEXTS

DESCRIPTION: This class provides an informal introduction to logic with a focus on its application to the evaluation of arguments and other would-be persuasive discourse (e.g., advertising). Our emphasis is on reasoning in  the wild.  Students will learn to recognize, clarify, and evaluate arguments culled from a variety of "real world" sources (newspaper editorials, advertising copy, song lyrics, etc.) and to formulate arguments of their own. Topics include meaning, truth, deduction, consistency, consistency, validity, induction, ambiguity, vagueness, fallacies, and statistics.  (See calendar below for approximate dates and details.)

GRADES WILL BE BASED ON

ASSIGNMENT
DUE DATES & EXPLANATIONS
 VALUE
Quizzes
best 4 of 5: see scheduled dates below
1/2 of course
Final Examination
as scheduled
1/4 of course
Class Participation
attendance; workbook; forum
1/4 of course
My classroom is rated R: lectures & discussion may include adult themes and language.
 
APPROXIMATE COURSE CALENDAR
Class regularly meets 12:30-1:20 MWF in SAC108 (note exceptions below) 
MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY
Labor Day
Sept. 4
Reasoning & Arguments
 1-13
Alma
Convocation
Good Reasoning & Sound Argumentation: 13-27
What Makes an Argument Statements & Reasons: 28-42
Sept. 11
Reasons & Not, Stated & Not, and More: pp. 44-64
Sept. 13
Review & Quiz 1
Clarifying Arguments: Loyalty to the "Text": pp. 67-80
Sept. 18
Charity vs. The Straw Man
80-89
Sept. 23
Streamlining
Excess Verbiage:  90-108
Slanted vs. Neutral Phrasing:
109-116
Sept. 25
Specifying
Ambiguity: 118-134
Sept. 27
Generality, Vagueness, & Emptiness: 134-148
Structuring to represent Logical Form: 149-164
Oct. 2
Review & Quiz 2
Oct. 4
Evaluating Truth, Logicality, and Soundness: 167-180
Fallacies 
Argument Based: 182-191
Oct. 9
Motive Based & in General
191-206
Oct. 11
Truth, Objectivity, Probability, & Evidence: 209-220
Self-evidence & Empirical Evidence: 220-233
Oct. 16
Strategies for Evaluating Premises: 234-244
Oct. 18
Fall Term Recess
No Class
Review & Quiz 3
Oct. 23
Deduction vs. Induction: Validity & Counters: 247-260
Oct. 25
Valid and Invalid Deductive Forms: 260-271
If-then Arguments
272-283
Oct. 30
Evaluating If-then Premises
284-298
Nov. 1
Tacit & Assumed If-thens
298-309
Either-or Arguments & More:  Either-or: 310-323
Nov. 6
Dilemmas & Categorical Arguments: 323-331
Nov. 8
Evaluating Catgorical Arguments: Venn Diagrams: 332-340
Review & Quiz 4
Nov. 13
Induction vs. Deduction: Form & Total evidence: 343-353
Nov. 15
Frequency Arguments
pp. 353-365
Inductive Genralization
366-376
 Nov. 20
Show & Tell
Thanksgiving
Day
No class:
Thanksgiving Recess
Sampling: Size & Randomness:  376-390
 Nov. 37
Misunderstood Samples & Complex Arguments.: 390-401
Dec. 2
Arguments from Analogy
Relevant Similarities: 402-412
Irrelevant Dissimilarities, Etc.
412-424
Dec. 7
Review & Quiz 5
Dec. 9
Final Review
Finals
Week
 Finals
Week
Finals
Week
Finals
Week
Finals
Week
MONDAY
TUESDAY
WEDNESDAY
THURSDAY
FRIDAY

Final Examination Schedule:
http://www.alma.edu/services/registrar/exams.php
-Alma College Academic Integrity Policy:
http://www.alma.edu/services/studentaffairs/section1.htm#Academic Integrity
Alma 2001 Academic Calendar
http://www.alma.edu/services/registrar/calendar.php