1. ad hominem fallacy
2. appeal to authority
3. appeal to consequences
4. appeal to force
5. appeal to sympathy
6. experiential evidence
7. fallacy of composition
8. fallacy of division
9. genetic fallacy
11. law of excluded middle
12. law of noncontradiction
14. stipulative definition
A. evidence that comes from understanding the very meaning of the words themselves in a statement.
L. the mistake of concluding that a property applies to the whole of something because it applies to each of its parts.
M. the mistake of concluding that a property applies to one or more of the parts because it applies to the whole.
N. an argument whose premises, if true, fail to guarantee the truth of its conclusion: it's possible for such an argument to have true premises and a false conclusion.
O. an argument whose premises, if true, guarantee the truth of its conclusion: it is impossible for such an argument to have true premises and a false conclusion.
1. Clarify the following using the standard clarifying format. Then evaluate using the standard format for evaluation naming any fallacies committed under LOGIC, SOUNDNESS, or CONVERSATIONAL RELEVANCE. (7 pts. total.)
Hundreds of those who disregarded evacuation orders and stayed in New Orleans to “ride out” Hurricane Katrina died. Given the greatness of their suffering, it’s absurd to suggest that they are in any way responsible for their own deaths.
Exercise 2 is on the back.
2 . Fully clarify and evaluate the following argument: evaluate the premises as can’t tell or as certainly or probably true or false; identify its logical form or otherwise assess its validity (as by counterexample); and follow all other guidelines for clarifying and evaluating. (9 pts. total)
I expect the MSU men’s basketball team to make the Elite 8. I feel the Spartan women will too. I conclude that both the men’s and women’s teams will make the Elite 8. (Assume the probability that the MSU men’s team makes the Elite 8 is 50% and the probability that the MSU women’s team makes the Elite 8 is 40%).